(English 101) Pronouns and determiners - Reflexive Pronouns

(English 101) Pronouns and determiners - Reflexive Pronouns

2021, Aug 18    

Pronouns are words like she he, it, yourself, this, mine, who, mine and someone; commonly refer to or fill the position of a noun or noun phrase. A determiner specifies the kind of reference a noun has. Common determiners are: the, those, my, her, both, all, several and no.

Refexive pronouns

Myself and himself (etc.) are refexive pronouns, we use it when the subject and object are the same. Reflexive pronouns end in -self or -selves.
for example:
I see myself in the mirror “
here I is subject and myself is object, and the subject is the person or thing doing something, and the object is having something done to it, So here I do the action and I the person who done the action to it.

Reflexive pronouns list:

  • Singular (-self):
    • myself
    • yourself (one person)
    • himself
    • herself
    • itself
  • Plural (-selves)
    • ourselves
    • yourselves (more than one person)
    • themselves

Usage

  • use it
    • When the subject and the object are the same.
    • To express that someone did something alone without anyone else’s help.
  • Do not use it
    • After these verbs: feel, relax, concentrate, meet, wash, shave, dress.
      verbs meaning:
      • Feel: experience (an emotion or sensation).
      • Relex: make or become less tense or anxious.
      • Concentrate: focus all one’s attention on a particular object or activity.
      • Meet: to see and talk to someone or group of people
      • Wash: clean with water and, typically, soap or detergent.
      • Shave: (of a man) cut the hair off the face with a razor.
      • Dress: put on one’s clothes.

Themselves VS Each other

we use each other/one another instead of reflexives pronouns (e.g themselves) when the similar action goes both ways between 2 or more people. on other hand, each other use it When there are two people and the same action is directed at both of them, We do not want to repeat the verb twice, so we use “each other”. “Each other” doesn’t change, it is always in the same form. For example:

  • I help you and you help me ==> We help each other.